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In the Earth and Environmental Systems Major, students use multidisciplinary approaches to studying the large-scale interactions between the Earth and planetary systems over a broad spectrum of time-scales, addressing deep timescales of millions to billions of years as well as processes taking place in today’s and in future worlds. Courses take an integrative approach to understanding interactions between the solid Earth, the biosphere, the atmosphere and the hydrosphere, addressing how these interactions have developed over geological, historical, and recent time periods. Themes of the program include Earth surface processes (e.g., evolution of landforms and sedimentary basins), paleoclimatology (e.g., drivers of Earth’s natural climate variability), biogeochemistry, Quaternary science (understanding the ice ages) and global environmental change. This program provides broad context over time and space to better understand and provide solutions for the current issues of climate change, resource consumption and global pollution weighing heavily on people and societies. Students are advised to check course prerequisites, to review the clusters of courses listed for the geoscience major program, and to consult the Earth Sciences Undergraduate Handbook for logical course progressions.

Khoa bạn sẽ vào học

Faculty of Arts and Science

Các hình thức học tập

Toàn thời gian (4 năm)

Học phí
CAD$57,020.00 (1,076,693,099 đ) một năm
Hạn nộp đơn

Dự kiến January 2022

Ngày bắt đầu

Dự kiến Tháng Chín 2021

Địa điểm

University of Toronto

St. George Campus,

27 King's College Circle,


Ontario (ON),

M5S 1A1, Canada

Yêu cầu đầu vào

Dành cho sinh viên đến từ Mỹ

Applicants must have Grade 12 Diploma in an accredited high school with a high grade point average and SAT Reasoning/ACT exams and two SAT Subject Tests/APs/IBs (or a combination of SAT Subject Tests/APs/IBs covering two different subjects). Other English Language Requirements: TOEFL Paper-based Test total score of 600 + 5.0 on TWE; Michigan English Language Assessment Battery (MELAB) score of 85, with no part score below 80; Canadian Academic English Language Assessment (CAEL) score of 70 and no part below 60; Canadian Test of English for Scholars and Trainees (CanTEST) score of 4.5, and no part below 4; a minimum grade of C in the Cambridge English Proficiency/Certificate of Proficiency in English (CPE) or a minimum grade of B in the Cambridge English Advanced/Certificate in Advanced English (CAE).

Dành cho sinh viên quốc tế

Ontario Secondary School Diploma

Six 4U/M courses, including:

Biology (SBI4U) is recommended

Calculus & Vectors (MCV4U)

Chemistry (SCH4U)

English (ENG4U)

Physics (SPH4U) is recommended or equivalent qualifications

English Language Requirements

International English Language Testing System (IELTS): The minimum requirement is an overall band of 6.5, with no band below 6.0.

Test of English as a Foreign Language (TOEFL): The minimum scores required for the different TOEFL tests are:

Internet-based Test:

Minimum Requirement: total score of 100 + 22 on Writing

Discretionary Range: total score 89-99 +19 - 21 on Writing

Cambridge Assessment English C1: Advanced or C2: Proficiency: A minimum overall score of 180, with at least 170 in each component.

Canadian Academic English Language Assessment (CAEL): The minimum score required to meet our English facility requirement is an overall score of 70 and no part below 60.

Canadian Test of English for Scholars and Trainees (CanTEST): The minimum requirement is a total score of 4.5, and no part below 4.

Có thể có những yêu cầu khác nhau về IELTS tùy thuộc vào khóa học bạn chọn

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